Make use of the Combined Gas Law Calculator to find the unknown parameters temperature, pressure and volume. You have to enter the known details and click the calculate button to get the output in a fraction of seconds.
Combined Gas Law Formula Calculator: Determine the unknown parameters of the combined gas law equation by using our user-friendly tool. Continue reading to know about what does the combined gas law states, formula, derivation. Check out the step by step process to solve the combined gas law problems. Get a clear idea of the concept by checking the worked-out examples showing the detailed steps.
Have a look at the simple process of calculating the temperature, pressure and volume of the combined gas law equation.
The combined gas law is a law that combines three laws. They are Boyle's law, Charle's law and Fay-Lussac's law. These laws relate one thermodynamic variable to another one or constant. The interdependence of variables represents combined gas law and which states that the ratio between the product of pressure, volume and temperature remains unchanged.
Mathematically, combined gas law is expressed as follows:
PV / T = K
P is the pressure
V is the volume
T is temperature
K is constant
If two substances are compared in two different conditions, the law can be stated as,
(P₁ * V₁)/T₁ = (P₂ * V₂)/T₂
P₁ is initial pressure
T₁ is the initial temperature
V₁ is the initial volume
P₂ is final pressure
V₂ is final volume
T₂ is final temperature
Combined gas law is a mixture of three different laws i.e Boyle's law, Charle's law, Gay-Lussac's law.
Boyle's law is PV = K, Charles law is V/T = K and Gay-Lussac's law is P/T = K
As all the laws are equal to constant, equate them
PV = V/T = P/T
PV/T = K
For two different conditions of a substance, the law is (P₁ * V₁)/T₁ = (P₂ * V₂)/T₂
Question: The initial volume of a gas is 5L and the final volume is 3.5L. Calculate the final pressure of the gas, if the initial temperature is 273 K, the final temperature is 220 K, and the initial pressure is 25 kPa.
Initial pressure P₁ = 25kPa
Initial volume V₁ = 5 L
Final Volume V₂ = 3.5 L
Initial Temperature T₁ = 273 K
Final Temperature T₂ = 220 K
Final pressure P₂ = ?
According to the combined gas law, (P₁ * V₁)/T₁ = (P₂ * V₂)/T₂
(25 * 5)/273 = (P₂ * 3.5)/220
125/273 = (P₂ * 3.5)/220
0.4578 * 220 = (P₂ * 3.5)
100.7/3.5 = P₂
P₂ = 28.78
Therefore, the final pressure of the gas is 28.78 kPa.
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1. What is the combined gas law?
The combined gas law states that the ratio of the product of the pressure and volume to the temperature remains constant. It is a combination of three laws Boyle's law, Charles law and Gay-Lussac's law.
2. What is the difference between ideal gas and combined gas law?
Combined gas law relates the parameters pressure, temperature and volume whereas ideal gas law relates all these parameters along with the number of moles.
3. What is the combined gas law equation?
The combined gas law formula is K = PV/T or (P₁ * V₁)/T₁ = (P₂ * V₂)/T₂.
4. Why is the combined gas law important?
The combined gas law allows you to derive the relationships needed by combining the changeable pieces in the ideal gas law namely pressure, volume and temperature.